We provide the machinery and facilities for bagging of powders,as fully automated system solutions.

Open bag   &   Valve bag
Broadly, there are two main bag types - the open bag and the valve bag. Although the multi-purpose open bag is widely used, the AMO bagging system is designed basically for the valve bag.
  The reason for this is valve bags have considerable advantages in terms of cleanliness, safety and efficiency.
  For open-bag filling, the entire top of the bag is the mouth and powder is dropped into the bag from above. In contrast, the valve bag is filled through a valve built into one corner at the top of the bag. A filler nozzle is inserted into the valve, maintaining a closed environment as the bag is filled.

With a valve bag, the Packer unit will complete the basic processes of filling; there is no need for secondary processes, such as machine sewing of the bag. Another considerable merit is that the valve bag enables smaller bag dimensions, with a higher fill density.

Types of valve bags   &   sealing methods

Inner Sealed Valve Type
The valve is inside the valve bag, and the bag is sealed with an adhesive sealing label. As the valve is inside, the possibility of powder spillage after filling is reduced considerably. The sealing machine covers that sealing label with adhesive and seals the bag. This method eliminates powder spillage after sealing and prevents foreign materials from entering the bag. The AMO system uses the inner valve bag for automated sealing.

Inner Sleeve Valve Type
This is the general name for bags with internal valves. The Inner Sealed Valve Type, above, is one variation of the Inner Sleeve Valve Type. As the bag fills, the powder pushes the valve upward, effectively closing the valve and thereby preventing powder spillage. In other words, simply filling the inner sleeve valve bag prevents spillage of contents.

External Sleeve Valve Type
A bag with an external sleeve valve appears to have a tube extending from the bag. After filling, the bag is closed by folding the external sleeve valve. Adhesive or other sealants are not necessary, and the bag is effectively sealed simply by folding the valve. This valve bag and sealing method are thus often used for manual bagging operations. The valve can also be heat-sealed for complete closure.

Bag Specifications

Bag Materials

Kraft Paper Bags
Paper is widely used as the bag material in bagging of powders. It is the standard for many kinds of bags, due to cost, strength, ease of handling and other features.

Polyvinyl-Kraft Paper Bags
A layer of plastic is inserted between layers of kraft paper. This type of bag features high resistance to moisture and is used for bagging materials that deteriorate in quality on contact with air.

Inner Laminate Paper Bags
These are kraft paper bags laminated with an innermost layer of plastic or other material. Inner laminate bags raise the level of hygiene as the powder does not contact paper. They are highly airtight and resistant to humidity.

PP-Cross Internal-Layer Bags
From outer to inner, these bags have layers of PP-Cross, paper and film. They are used particularly for exporting, and other situations where high bag strength is required.

Slit Polyvinyl-Kraft Paper Bags
The plastic film in this bag is slit to allow air to escape more easily while maintaining a certain level of humidity resistance. Cement bags are usually this type of inner-valve bag.

Vinyl Bags
These bags use only plastic. They may be single- or double-layered and can be many shapes and sizes.
Layer Composition

Many layering variations of the bag types and materials outlined here are possible. For example, a bag might have three layers of kraft paper, and that bag could then be combined with a vinyl bag. Or, to reduce costs, a certain layer might be made of recycled paper.

Sizes of Bags & Valves

Even with the same materials and layer compositions, bags can have an infinite variety of valves and sizes. In the case of valve bags, the diagram below shows how bags are measured according to length (L), breadth (W) and flat width (D). Although the volume of the bag is roughly set by the length and breadth, the flat width is crucial when bagging. This is because the valve size is in many cases decided by the flat width. As the AMO Packer inserts a nozzle into the valve, the valve size must be selected to match the nozzle.


Nakashima Seisakusho Co., Ltd.
                        Kyoto, JAPAN
Copyright (C) 2006 Nakashima Seisakusho CO,.LTD. All Rights Reserved.
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